A visual history of resistance in New York City

A visual history of resistance in New York City

People power — For decades, photographer Builder Levy has used his camera to address systems of oppression and injustice in the US: ‘The humanity I was seeing and trying to capture in my pictures – I looked at as a way of countering negativity.’

Builder Levy enrolled in Brooklyn College in 1959 with the dream of becoming an Abstract Expressionist, but the work didn’t resonate the way he hoped it would. Photography, however, made perfect sense. “It allowed me to get more involved with life,” Levy says.

Growing up in Bath Beach, a predominantly Jewish and Italian neighbourhood, Levy lived in a housing development built by Donald Trump’s father, Fred. Living through the Jim Crow 1950s, fraught with the spectres of McCarthy and the Cold War, Levy was sensitive to the struggle of people of colour and the working class, becoming politically aware and engaged at a young age.

I started taking the camera with me to street demonstrations,’ Levy remembers, recognising the importance of amplifying the fight against oppression and injustice.

Inspired by the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson, Helen Levitt, and Roy DeCarava, Levy used his camera to address the systems of oppression, honoring those leading the fight including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, Malcolm X, and the Black Panther Party, as well as the everyday people living through the height of the Civil Rights movement in New York.

Girls at the Gate, Herkimer Street, Ocean Hill

“My mother was born on the Lower East Side on Rivington Street, and I was down in that area looking for the humanity in the streets,” Levy says. “The humanity I was seeing and exploring, trying to capture in my pictures – I looked at as a way of countering all this negativity.”

It’s a message and a perspective that speaks half a century since, a story beautifully composed in the new exhibition and book, The Photographs of Builder Levy: Humanity in the Streets. The works in the show were selected by students at Pratt Institute, a fitting tribute to Levy who previously worked for Pratt’s Planning Department, taking photographs documenting the work done by local organisations to help save and rehabilitate old buildings in Bedford Stuyvesant.

Photography connected Levy with the community in more ways than one. As a New York City teacher, he set up photography workshop programs in Ocean Hill Brownsville, Bushwick, and the Lower East Side, empowering students to engage in the community and express themselves.

Malcolm X Speaking, Labor union/civil rights rally in support of the New York City school boycott, Upper East Side, Manhattan, 1964

Humanity in the Streets is a love letter to Brooklyn from its native son, one that keeps the faith through the storms that come. It is a reminder that the power of the people is within our grasp, a lesson Levy learned in his youth.

“Before I picked up the camera, I found Freedomways and thought it was a great political journal,” Levy says. “I asked if I could sell it, and they said yes. I made 25 cents each copy I sold and it was a big thrill for me.”  

When he began making photographs, Freedomways published his work – but it was only in returning to his archive more than half a century later that, Levy unearthed never-before-seen gems like an image of Malcolm X smiling with joy.

It makes the perfect companion image to one of Levy’s masterworks: the group portrait of the Medallion Lords, a chance shot that happened when one of the teens casually called to Levy, “Hey Parkie, take our picture!” – never knowing this moment would become one for the ages.

Pigeon Cloud, Central Avenue, Bushwick, Brooklyn, 1987

Medallion Lords, Clinton Hill, Brooklyn, 1965

Kingfish, Dekalb Avenue, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, 1965

Fulton Street, Clinton Hill, Brooklyn, Labor Day, 1965

Coney Island Couple, Coney Island, Brooklyn, 1963

March on Washington, 1963

Snow on Melrose Street, Bushwick, Brooklyn, 1981


The Photographs of Builder Levy: Humanity in the Streets is on view at the Brooklyn Historical Society through August 11. Humanity in the Streets New York City 1960s-1980s was just published by Damiani.

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