In 2015, more than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe, with over 75 per cent fleeing conflict and persecution in Syria, Afghanistan or Iraq. Thousands died attempting to reach its shores and, while some countries opened their arms, others closed their borders and erected fences. Almost six years on, while the number of asylum seekers is now down, the devastating impact of this crisis is still very much ongoing.
Photographer Jacob Ehrbahn, who was shooting for the Danish daily national newspaper Politiken at the time, was sent over to report on the unfolding crisis. “In late June and the start of July , I went to Lesbos, because all these small boats were coming in,” he recalls. “From there, I was in the middle of the story.” He then went on to travel to Serbia, and then to Hungary, where he photographed the daunting fence capable of delivering electric shocks erected by the Hungarian government to deter migrants.
After 2015, Ehrbahn noticed that the mainstream news’ interest in the story was “fading out”. Working with another reporter, Ehrbhan was determined to carry on documenting what was happening, undertaking numerous trips to Europe between Spring 2015 right up until December 2020 to document the lives of the refugees and migrants who dream of a better life in Europe. These photos are now collected in a new book, titled Dream of Europe (Dewi Lewis).
In the book, Ehrbahn captures people out in the Mediterranean Sea outside Libyan waters, and at various locations around Europe – in refugee camps, under motorway bridges, in run-down factory buildings and at border crossings living in appalling conditions. These are young men, women, children, and entire families struggling each day and living in free fall. “I call it a parallel universe that most Europeans don’t know anything about,” says Ehrbahn.
Ehrbahn says that through his project, he got to know many of the refugees and migrants personally, and spent a long time trying to understand their stories. “Over the years, I happened to bump into the same people in different places. They go from being stuck in one place to being stuck in the next place.”
Of all the place Ehrbhan visited, he spent the most time in Moria: the largest refugee camp in Europe, until it was burned down in September 2020. “I was there when people were lining up [for the camp]. They were sleeping in lines outside this reception centre for days in tropical rain. The weather was really rough,” he recalls. Visiting the camp from the moment it opened, right up until it burned down, the photographer describes it as “just inhumane all the whole way through”.
He continues: “You can deal with these circumstances [in Moria], for a week, for months maybe… but when you show up, you need to go for an interview so they can begin your asylum case. And I’ve met a lot of people where their first interview was scheduled a year in the future. So they just have to sit around in these circumstances with their kids – up to 40 per cent of the people in the camp were children – for a year before they can even have their first interview. I think all human beings will break down in a situation like that.”
Ehrbahn is keen to emphasise that the publication of the book does not mean the end of his documenting the impact of the crisis. “I just felt that it was important to get something out now. Because first of all, I see it as a historical document for the future, but I also like the idea of it holding it up a mirror to Europeans and saying, ‘Okay, this is what is happening, right now. Let’s talk about it.’”
A Dream of Europe is available now on Dewi Lewis.