In the mid-1960s, Max’s Kansas City became the mecca of New York’s avant-garde, attracting a mix of artists, writers, musicians, and underground stars who made the famed backroom into the ultimate nightlife destination.
By the 1970s, Max’s began hosting performances for glam rock and punk icons, setting the tone for a new breed of nightclub culture that brought together the worlds of art, music, fashion, literature, and film into a carnivalesque environment.
Before the advent of the internet, promoters spread the word by creating innovative flyers to advertise their one-night-only affairs. These eye-catching pieces of ephemera became an integral part of the event, with denizens eager to get on the mailing lists and have an instant “in” to that night’s coolest scene.
Artists like Antonio Lopez, Keith Haring, David LaChappelle, and Jenny Holzer would collaborate on these flyer designs. Produced and distributed en masse, they have become a record of New York’s downtown scene. Once given away free of charge, they are now valued as works of art.
Palladium, Keith Haring, The Great Peace March Benefit, 3-Fold Pamphlet, 1986
Miller, who arrived in New York in 1968, lived on the Bowery for two decades. He first got involved in the downtown scene in the mid-1970s, when he started hanging out at legendary club CBGB, and noticed a confluence of artists – among them Marcia Resnick, Diego Cortez, Jimmy DeSana, and Pat Place – packed into the tiny bar, watching the latest punk bands perform.
“Little-by-little, bands began using visual artists for publicity and their album covers, like Patti Smith’s connection with Robert Mapplethorpe,” Miller says. “It gave bands a certain attitude to fuse with what they were already doing.”
When the Mudd Club opened in Tribeca in 1979, the club scene changed irrevocably. The club’s founders, Diego Cortez, Anya Phillips and Steve Maas, would advertise theme night parties, hosted by Maas. “From the start, the Mudd Club was always aiming to be the cutting-edge art scene. It had exhibitions, music, hanging out, and networking,” Miller says.
In the early days, performers would make their own cheaply produced Xerox flyers, but as the scene grew and became more competitive, clubs like Area, Danceteria, Limelight, and Palladium began producing more glossy invitations in-house.
Nightclubs deliberately cultivated distinct cultural scenes, be it hosting after-parties for art openings, film premieres, book launches, or fashion shows, as a way to get New York’s most sought-after crowd under their roof.
“Being very anti-commercial in my youth, I always feel a little sense of guilt because now it’s all about putting a price on them,” Miller says, reflecting on the flyers’ acquiring artwork status. “But the longer you live the more you realise financial value has a strong connection with history and what gets saved.”
AREA, Antonio Lopez, A Celebration for Kevin, Folded Card, 1984
AREA, Grace Jones & Christian Jones, Folded Card, 1986
Carbon, Susanne Bartsch, Grand Opening of Carbon, Folded Card, 1997
Club 57 at Irving Plaza, Lee Scratch Perry, Richard Hell and the Voidoids, Card, 1981
Limelight, Divine, Card, 1984
Xenon, Everybody Hates Punk Tad Shaffer, Poster, 1978
The World, Jackie Curtis, Taylor Mead, Oh! Jackie! Oh!, Card